Fishing tips, fish types, times, moon phases, open seasons, limits, species, IDentification chart...

Line and Accessories; 8 to 12 lb. test line. Fishing swivels help to keep line from twisting and snarling when fishing spinners or spoons.

Poles and Reels;
Whatever you have for spin-casting, bait-casting or spinning rod and reel, Multi-section pack rods are great.

Jigs and twisty tails;
The number one fish tackle in canoe country, They are cheap and easy to fish, Good sizes and colors are 3/8 - 1/2 oz. White or pink with 3-4 yellow, orange, green, or pink twisty tails.
Many people now use the new scented and flavored twisty tails (Gulp and Power Bait).

Small to medium size spinners can be effective, especially for smallmouth bass and northern pike, The general rule is silver for clear water and gold for darker, Mepps is a popular brand of spinner, Some people add live or artificial worms or leeches to the spinner.

Shiny spoons work well, Red and white and silver seems to be a popular color, Spoons are good for fishing deep and casting on windy days, Daredevle is a popular brand. Floating or diving minnow type lures; Rapala is a well known brand, These work well trolling, especially when there is a problem with snagging.

Live Bait; Leeches and worms make jigs and lures better fish catchers, Use and possession of certain types of live bait (e.g. live minnows, gamefish & crayfish) is prohibited in some areas so check the regulations.

Techniques; Smallmouth Bass spend most of their time near the bottom around structure (points, slopes, boulders, reefs, weedlines, and moving waters), Jigging 1-3 ft. from the bottom in 8-20 ft. depths is productive.
Joey's original big catch at long lake
More good fishing

Long Lake's most common fish types

Most common fish types in Long Lake, Apsley Ontario, Township of North Kawartha ( County of Peterborough )
Largemouth Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Rainbow Trout, Lake Trout...

Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Rainbow Trout
Lake Trout
Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
Rainbow Trout
Lake Trout
Largemouth Bass
The largemouth is an olive green fish, marked by a series of dark, sometimes black, blotches forming a jagged horizontal stripe along each flank. The upper jaw (maxilla) of a largemouth bass extends beyond the rear margin of the orbit. In comparison to age, a female bass is larger than a male. The largemouth is the largest of the black basses, reaching a maximum recorded overall length of 29.5 in (75 cm) and a maximum unofficial weight of 25 pounds 1 ounce (11.4 kg). The fish lives 16 years on average.

Smallmouth Bass
The smallmouth bass is generally brown (seldom yellow) with red eyes,and dark brown vertical bands, rather than a horizontal band along the side. There are 13–15 soft rays in the dorsal fin. The upper jaw of smallmouth bass extends to the middle of the eye.

Males are generally smaller than females. the males tend to range around two pounds while females can range from three to six pounds. Their average sizes can differ, depending on where they are found, their habitat plays a significant role in their color, weight, and shape. River water smallmouth that live among dark water tend to be rather torpedo shaped and very dark brown in order to be more efficient for feeding. Lakeside smallmouth bass however, that live for example in sandy areas, tend to be a light yellow brown to adapt to the environment in a defensive state and are more oval shaped.The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a species of salmonid native to tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America. The steelhead is a sea run rainbow trout (anadromous) usually returning to freshwater to spawn after 2 to 3 years at sea. In other words, rainbow trout and steelhead trout are the same species. The fish is sometimes called a salmon trout. Several other fish in the salmonid family are called trout, some are anadromous like salmon, whereas others are resident in freshwater only.

Rainbow Trout

The rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is a species of salmonid native to tributaries of the Pacific Ocean in Asia and North America. The steelhead is a sea run rainbow trout (anadromous) usually returning to freshwater to spawn after 2 to 3 years at sea. In other words, rainbow trout and steelhead trout are the same species. The fish is sometimes called a salmon trout. Several other fish in the salmonid family are called trout, some are anadromous like salmon, whereas others are resident in freshwater only.

Lake Trout;
Lake trout are the largest of the charrs, the record weighing almost 46.3 kg (102 lb).
Lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) is a freshwater char living mainly in lakes in northern North America. Other names for it include mackinaw, lake char (or charr), touladi, togue, and grey trout. In Lake Superior, they can also be variously known as siscowet, paperbellies and leans. Lake trout are prized both as game fish and as food fish.
These fish generally stay in 40 degree water but will sometimes come to the shallows in low light conditions looking for baitfish, spinners can be effective in these conditions, normally light colored jigs (white or silver), spoons, and minnow type baits. Lake trout inhabit cold, oxygen-rich waters. They are pelagic during the period of summer stratification in dimictic lakes, often living at depths of 20–60 m (60–200 ft).
Long Lake Cottages and Trailer Park
MapZone 15

Fisheries management zone maps;

Ontario recreational Fishing Regulations for Long Lake, Apsley Ontario, Township of North Kawartha (County of Peterborough)
* = Aggregate limits apply to these species.
Aggregate Limits for Trout and Salmon
Throughout the province there are standard aggregate limits for all species of trout and salmon in combination: S 5 and C 2; that is you may only catch and keep in one day, or possess, no more than five trout and salmon in total under a Sport Fishing Licence, or two trout and salmon in total under a Conservation Fishing Licence.
* S refers to limits under a Sport Fishing Licence (For example: S 4 means a catch and possession limit of four).
* C refers to limits under a Conservation Fishing Licence (For example: C 2 means a catch and possession limit of two).

MNR Ontario

The New Fish and Wildlife Licensing Service
Hunt and Fish Ontario
MNR ( Ministry of Natural Resources ) - - Hunting in Ontario;

Open fishing seasons and fish sanctuaries

Fishing Regulations summary

Invasive species

Transporting / Sport fishing

How to report a natural resource violation

Make a complaint or compliment to a conservation officer

Farmer's Almanac
When is the Best Day to fish ?
Farmers' Almanac Fishing Calendar is based on the phase of the moon, the zodiac sign, the moon is in and experience.
Local conditions and weather may affect your fishing experience.

Fishing Condition; This is the overall rating for the whole day, based upon Farmer's almanac formula;
Best Time; This column lists the best time of the day when, according to formula, fish will be biting: MORNING; EVENING.

Farmer's almanac moon phase calendar
New moon
First Quarter
Full moon
3rd Quarter
The Old Farmer's Almanac
Best fishing time
Good fishing time
Fair fishing time
Poor fishing time

Best Fishing Days 2018

When are the best fishing times? See best fishing days on the Almanac’s 2018 fishing calendar,
The best times to fish are when the fish are naturally most active.
The Sun, Moon, tides, and weather all influence fish activity.

For example, fish tend to feed more at sunrise and sunset, and also during a full moon.
Fishing is best during the time between a new moon and a full moon, However, most of us go fishing when we can get the time off, not because it is the best time!
But there are best times, according to fishing lore:

Best Fishing Days/Dates 2018
January 1, 16–31, February 15 – March 1, March 17–31, April 15–29, May 15–29, June 13–28, July 12–27, August 11–26, September 9–24, October 8–24, November 7–23, December 7–22
For your customized Moon times, see The Old Farmer's Almanac Moon Phase Calendar.

Best Fishing Times
Inland, During the “morning rise” (after sunup for a spell) and the “evening rise” (just before sundown and the hour or so after).
When the barometer is steady or on the rise. (But even during stormy periods, the fish aren’t going to give up feeding. The smart fisherman will find just the right bait.)
When there is a hatch of flies—caddis flies or mayflies, commonly. (The fisherman will have to match his fly with the hatching flies or go fishless.)
When the breeze is from a westerly quarter rather than from the north or east.
When the water is still or rippled, rather than during a wind.

Tackle Box Checklist
Be prepared! See our list of what to put in your fishing tackle box.

“As the water in your minnow bucket warms the minnows will slowly die. They need a very cool temperature to survive.
Never put ice cubes in with live minnows. The chlorine in the water stays and will kill your bait.
Freeze water bottles then gently place them in the bucket. Usually one will be enough.”
“Try it all, love the outdoors and keep a bait in the water. You won’t catch anything if you aren’t out there on Long Lake!”

moonphase fishing, calculate time and date,

Long Lake Fish Identification Chart MapZone 15
Fish types that anglers are likely to catch in Long Lake, MapZone 15, Apsley Ontario, Township of North Kawartha (County of Peterborough)
Information is provided on the following:
L: length.
D: distribution/habitat.
S: similar fish.
K: key identifying characteristics that separate them from those similar fish.
L: 25 - 85 cm (10 - 33 in.).
D: lakes and rivers throughout most of Ontario.
S: sauger, yellow perch.
K: white tip on lower tail fin; no distinct blotches or bands on adults.
Favorite Baits: spinners, jigs, crank baits, worms, minnows, leeches.

L: 25 - 41 cm (10 - 16 in.).
D: large, shallow, turbid waters throughout Ontario.
S: walleye, yellow perch.
Favorite Baits: same as walleye.
K: lacks white tip on lower tail fin; distinct blotches or bands on adults; spots on dorsal fin.
Largemouth Bass
L: 25 - 55 cm (10 - 22 in.).
D: warm, weedy, slow or still waters primarily in southern Ontario.
S: smallmouth bass, rock bass.
K: upper jaw extends beyond eye; deep notch between dorsal fins; body often with a broken horizontal stripe.
Favorite Baits: spinnerbaits, crank baits, plastic worms, minnows, frogs.
Largemouth Bass
Smallmouth Bass
L: 25 - 50 cm (10 - 20 in.).
D: clear, rocky waters with little vegetation from southern Ontario to Timiskaming and northwestern Ontario.
S: largemouth bass.
K: upper jaw does not extend beyond eye; shallow notch between dorsal fins; body often with dark, broken bars.
Favorite Baits: jigs, spinners, crank baits, minnows, crayfish.
Smallmouth Bass
Northern Pike
Cheek fully scaled, upperhalf of opercle only scaled, 10 pores on undersides of lower jaw.
L: 45 - 100 cm (18 - 39 in.).
D: quiet, vegetated waters throughout Ontario.
S: muskellunge.
K: light yellowish spots on dark green background; tips of tail fin more rounded than muskellunge.
Favorite Baits: spoons, large spinners, large crank baits, minnows.
Northern Pike
Cheek and opercle both scaled only on upper half, 12-18 pores on undersides of lower jaw.
L: 71 - 137 cm (28 - 54 in.).
D: discontinuous in southern and near northeastern Ontario, and the Lake of the Woods/ Rainy River area.
S: northern pike.
K: dark vertical bands on light background, at times spotted or clear; tips of tail fin more pointed than northern pike.
Favorite Baits: large bucktail spinners, large body baits, sucker minnows.
Yellow Perch - catch limits; S- 50, C - 25
L: 15 - 30 cm (6 - 12 in.).
D: clear waters with some vegetation throughout Ontario; often school.
S: walleye, sauger, white perch.
K: 6 to 8 dark, vertical bands on sides, Favorite Baits: small jigs, small alternating with light yellow to yellow-green. spoons, small minnows, worms.
Yellow Perch
White Crappie - catch limits; S - 30, C - 10
L: 20 - 30 cm (8 - 12 in.).
D: mouths of tributary streams or weedy, sheltered bays in lower Great Lakes area.
S: black crappie.
K: six dorsal fin spines; 6 or 7 anal fin spines; sides with faint bars.
Favorite Baits: small jigs, small minnows, worms.
white crappie
Black Crappie - catch limits; S - 30, C - 10
L: 18 - 25 cm (7 - 10 in.).
D: clear, weedy lakes and slow rivers, primarily Great Lakes, south central near northeast and parts of northwestern Ontario.
S: white crappie.
K: 7-8 dorsal fin spines; 6 or 7 anal fin spines; irregular mosaic of distinct black blotches.
Favorite Baits: small jigs, small minnows, worms.
black crappie
Sunfish - catch limits; S - 50, C - 25
L: 5 - 7 inches
D: This species prefers vegetated areas, lakes, and ponds with gravel, sand, or bedrock bottoms.
S: Pumpkinseed
K: They have a dark spot located near the back end of the dorsal fin and on the ear plate . It has a relatively big mouth and long snout that extends to beneath the middle of the eye. Its pectoral fins are short with rounded edges containing 13-14 pectoral fin rays.
F: Green sunfish can be caught with live bait such as nightcrawlers, waxworms, and mealworms.
Brook Trout
L: 15 - 40 cm (6 - 16 in.).
D: cold, clear streams, small lakes, Lake Superior.
S: Lake Trout.
K: light wormlike markings and spots on dark background, some red and blue; square tail; white leading edge on lower fins, set off by black line.
Favorite Baits: spinners, spoons, worms, flies.
Brook Trout
Brown Trout / Inland
L: 20 - 40 cm. (8-16 in.)
D: occasional south of the french river, mostly in great lakes tributaries.
S: rainbow and brook trout; junenile atlantic salmon.
K: large black, blue or red spots on bdy, often surrounded by lighter ring; tail with a few spots; only salmon or trout with orange on adipose fin; short stocky caudal peduncle.
Brown Trout / inland

Rainbow Trout / Great Lakes ( Steelhead )
L: 35 - 60 cm. ( 14 - 24 in. )
D: found in all great lakes and many tributaries.
S: chinook, coho, pink and atlantis salmon; brown trout.
K: white mouth and gums; body silver with dark spots; spots all over tail in radiating rows; leading anal fin ray extends the lenght of the fin; long, stock caudal peduncle.
Favorite Baits: spinners, spoons, roe, worms, flies.

Rainbow Trout / steelhead
Lake Trout
L: 30 - 80 cm. ( 12 - 31 in. )
D: cold waters of deep lakes throughout much of Ontario.
S: brook trout.
K: light wormlike markings and spots on dark background, none red, deeply forked tail; white leading edge on lower fins but no black line.
Favorite Baits: Spoons, jigs, crank baits, lake trolls.

Lake Trout
Splake ; is a hybrid of two fish species resulting from the crossing of a male brook trout and a female lake trout; 'SP'eckled trout (another name for brook trout) and 'LAKE' trout.
L: Splake can attain up to 46 cm (18 in)
D: cold waters and deep lakes throughout much on Ontario.
S: brook trout, lake trout.
Lake Whitefish
L: 30 - 65 cm (12 - 26 in.).
D: Great Lakes and deep, cold, inland lakes across Ontario.
S: cisco, round whitefish.
K: mouth overhung by snout, body oval in cross-section.
Favorite Baits: small jigs, small spoons, small minnows.
Lake Whitefish
Channel Catfish
L: 36 - 53 cm (14 - 21 in.).
D: Great Lakes and larger lakes and rivers south of the French River and from Lake Nipigon west.
S: brown bullhead.
K: deeply forked tail.
F: Bottom feeders, they particularly feed on aquatic insects, crayfish and crustaceans.
Channel Catfish

Great Lakes fish species
Warm Water Species
Bluegill, Bowfin, Brown Bullhead, Carp, Channel Catfish, Goldeye, Largemouth Bass, Pumpkinseed, Smallmouth Bass, White Bass, White Perch

Cool Water Species
Black Crappie, Freshwater Drum, Mooneye, Muskellunge, Northern Pike, Rock Bass, Sauger, Walleye, White Crappie, White Sucker, Yellow Perch

Cold Water Species
Atlantic Salmon, Aurora Trout, Brook Trout, Brown Trout (Inland), Brown Trout (Great Lakes), Burbot, Chinook Salmon, Cisco (or Lake Herring), Coho Salmon, Lake Sturgeon, Lake Trout, Lake Whitefish, Pink Salmon, Rainbow Smelt, Rainbow Trout (Inland), Rainbow Trout (Great Lakes), Round Whitefish, Splake

MNR fishing information links
Eating Ontario Fish guide



Fish Ontario
Fishing Regulations Summary, Licence Information and Fishing Regulations,
Ontario Outdoors Cards and Fishing Licences, Fishing Ontario link, Fish and Wildlife

fishing tips top
Fish and Wildlife Conservation Act, 1997
Ontario e-laws, statutes

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