Long Lake / Planting Dates.htm Gardening, planting dates calculator, calendar, moonphase and climate zones

Crops delayed. Southern Ontario.
There’s a growing sense of frustration among Southwestern Ontario crop farmers as the planting season has been delayed by winter-like weather that won’t loosen its grip on the region.
(http://www.tillsonburgnews.com/2018/04/18/crop-planting-season-in-southwestern-ontario-delayed-by-about-two-weeks)

Gardening 101
Veseys seeds
(https://www.veseys.com)

Garden Crop Planting dates calculator and calendar, Ontario, Canada
Calculated using 1981-2010 climate normals.
Blue= Sow indoors / undercover
Green= Sow outdoors / plant out
Orange= Harvest
= Sow indoors / undercover
  = Sow outdoors / plant out
  = Harvest
Plant
carrot tomato
(http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates/ON)
Planting Dates,
Planting dates calculator for Peterborough, ON
http://www.almanac.com/gardening/planting-dates/ON/Peterborough
or open in .pdf (Adobe Acrobat Reader ) here, Calculated using 1981-2010 climate normals.
http://longlakelodge.ca/PlantingDatesPeterboroughFarmersAlmanac.pdf
Gardening by the Moon Calendar from the Farmers' Almanac
The Farmers Almanac Gardening by the Moon Calendar is determined by our age-old formula and applies generally to regions where the climate is favorable.

Because the gardening calendar is based on the phase and position of the Moon, it is consistent across all growing zones.
Recommended dates are still "weather permitting," and you should talk with your local greenhouse or agricultural extension office for the optimal window of time within which to use these dates.
https://www.farmersalmanac.com/calendar/gardening
see the moon phase for that period, Moon Phases and Lunar Calendar for Places in Ontario
http://www.almanac.com/astronomy/moon/calendar/ON
Almanac - Gardening by the Moon Calendar, Dates for Starting Seeds & Planting by the Moon
https://www.almanac.com/content/gardening-moon-calendar
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Spring planting,
RePost; When is it Warm Enough to Plant, By Kathy LaLiberte,
Seedstarting timetable
https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/when-is-it-warm-enough-to-plant/9029.html
40°F 50°F 60°F 70°F 80°F 90°F 100°F
4.44°C 10°C 15.5°C 21.1°C 26.6°C 32.2°C 37.7°C
Planting Ground Temperature
IF you want to get your vegetable garden off to a fast start,
you need to plant your seeds in soil that's warm enough to ensure good germination.
For each type of seed — beans, carrots, lettuce — there is a range of temperatures at which that particular type of seed will germinate.
Beans, for example, will only germinate if the soil temperature is above 60 degrees F(15.5°C) and no warmer than 95 degrees F(35°C).

There is also an "optimum temperature" at which seeds germinate most readily.
In the case of beans, that optimum germination temperature is 80 degrees F(26.6°C).
In a perfect world, you would wait for the soil in your garden to be 80 degrees F before planting your beans.
At that temperature, you could expect nearly every seed to germinate...
(https://www.gardeners.com/how-to/when-is-it-warm-enough-to-plant/9029.html)
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Plant Hardiness Zone Maps
Canada's Plant Hardiness Zones
PHZ 2014 CFS Map 30M
Canada's plant hardiness map provides insights about what can grow where.
It combines information about a variety of climatic conditions across the entire country to produce a single map.
1981-2010 or page size PDF or poster size PDF, 1961-1990


Plant Hardiness Zone Maps - Natural Resources Canada
http://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/?m=1&lang=en


Canadian Zones on this map cover from zone (coldest) 0a, 0b, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5a, 5b, 6a, 6b, 7a, 8a, 8b, 9a. (warmest)

Canada’s Plant Hardiness Zones
This third edition of the plant hardiness zones map shows the different zones in Canada where various types of trees, shrubs and flowers will most likely survive.
The map is based on a formula using seven important variables that influence plant survival:
1. Monthly mean of the daily minimum temperatures of the coldest month
2. Mean frost-free period (above 0°C) in days
3. Amount of rainfall from June to November
4. Monthly mean of the daily maximum temperatures of the warmest month
5. A winter harshness index related to rainfall in January
6. Mean maximum snow depth
7. Maximum wind gust in 30 year period

Based on average values from 1930 to 1960.
This new map uses 1981 to 2010 averages.
the average of the annual extreme minimum temperature for the period 1981 to 2010.
This approach was originally developed by scientists at the United States Department of Agriculture
(www.usna.usda.gov/Hardzone).
To view an interactive version of this map and for more information on plant hardiness zones in Canada,
please go to the following Web site: http://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/?m=1&lang=en
Poster size map in PDF
http://www.planthardiness.gc.ca/images/PHZ_2014_CFS_Map.pdf

Gardening 101 - Veseys Seeds
Veseys prides itself on being passionate about the quality and care of the products we sell.
And we're committed to helping you achieve the best possible results in your own garden.
Download Growing Guide
https://www.veseys.com/ca/gardening-101
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Climate Zones and Planting Dates for Vegetables in Ontario
Climate Zone Map of Ontario (1976-2005), shows the Ontario climatic zones based on the average frost-free period.
Climate Zone Map of Ontario (1976-2005). Source: Weather Innovations Incorporated
Author: Elaine Roddy - Vegetable Crop Specialist/OMAFRA
Ontario - Ministry of agriculture, food and rural affairs,
http://www.omafra.gov.on.ca/english/crops/facts/climzoneveg.htm
Historical Values
Table 1. Average Frost-Free Period in Climatic Zones of Ontario (1976-2005)
Zone Frost-free period (average in days) Average date of last spring frost Average date of first fall frost
A 170-190 April 25 October 20
B 160-170 April 30 October 13
C 150-170 May 3 October 8
D 130-165 May 11 October 1
E 125-145 May 17 September 26
F 115-125 May 24 September 22
G 100-115 May 27 September 17
H 100-110 June 3 September 16
I 90-100 June 7 September 9
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RICHTERS HERBS
Richters Herbs - Medicinal, Culinary, Aromatic - Plants & Seeds
https://www.richters.com
Herb plants, seeds, books, dried herbs and more – Richters is your best source for everything herbal!

If you grow your own herbs or make your own herbal products, or if you are in the business of herbs, make Richters your destination.

Richters has been growing and selling herbs since 1969, Our first catalogue dedicated to herbs came out in 1970.
We have lived, worked and breathed herbs ever since.

If you are in the Toronto area, come and visit our greenhouses and gift shop.

RICHTERS HERBS
357 Highway 47
Goodwood, ON L0C 1A0 Canada
Tel. +1.905.640.6677 Fax. +1.905.640.6641
Customer Service-Customer care
(https://www.richters.com)

Soil pH Levels (potential of Hydrogen)(a scale of acidity from 0 to 14. It tells how acidic or alkaline)(pH=-log10[H+])(H+=H30+)

Tomatoes like their soil pH around 6.0 to 6.8, pH is a measure of soil acidity or alkalinity.
On the pH scale, 7.0 is neutral which most vegetables grow best, so the range which tomatoes prefer is slightly on the acid side.


Soil test kit - Regular Price: $12.99
plants and flowers, grasses and lawns, fruits and vegetables, trees and shrubs.
FEATURES
The Soil Test Kit helps determine the state of your soil is in so you can adjust it before hand for your plant of choice,
Test pH, nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium levels so you can adjust your soil perfectly,
Kit contains: test tablets, mixing chambers, dropper, colour comparison chart,
test instructions and information on how to alter your soil chemistry.
(http://www.canadiantire.ca/en/pdp/soil-test-kit-0592498p.html#srp)

3-in-1 Multi-Purpose Moisture, Light and pH Meter
FEATURES
3-in-1 Multi-Purpose Moisture, Light and pH Meter helps provide a healthy growing environment for all plants through careful monitoring of various inputs, Test for soil alkalinity/acidity and soil moisture
Works great for outdoor and indoor plants and gardens
Takes the guess work out of gardening for a more accurate approach
Save on water, energy and feed while keeping your plants in great health
(http://www.canadiantire.ca/en/pdp/3-in-1-multi-purpose-moisture-light-and-ph-meter-0592497p.html#srp)
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How to Get Rid of Garden Slugs
(A jar lid with stale beer in it)(crawl in and drown)
Slugs are the sneakiest little gastropods, eating the leaves and fruit from many plants.
Rather than letting them take over your beloved garden, take action to eliminate the slugs that are ruining your plants.
With a variety of techniques including lures and traps as well as using natural predators to rid you of slugs, you'll be slug-free in no time.
Note, that all of these methods work just as well for snails.

1. Use beer or milk traps for important plants.
Slugs will only notice these traps from a few feet (about a meter) away, so this is best used for small gardens or important areas.
Set these up as follows:
Bury a tall cup with steep sides into the soil.
Leave the rim ½ inch (1.25 cm) above the soil, to prevent the trap killing beetles that hunt slugs.
Fill the cup halfway with beer or milk.
Replace every few days.
If the slugs are climbing out, replace with a mix of honey, yeast, and a little water, boiled until gluey.
2, 3, 4, 5..
(https://www.wikihow.com/Get-Rid-of-Garden-Slugs)

Wettable sulphur for garden
Green Earth Garden Sulphur Powder, 300-grams (10.5 oz) container
FEATURES:
Green Earth Garden Sulphur Powder controls plant diseases; powdery mildew, rust, black spot scab and black knot
also controls mites, Use on roses, flowers, ornamentals, vegetables and small fruits
Can be applied as a dust or wettable powder spray

Green Earth 300g Garden Sulphur Powder
(https://www.lowes.ca/lawn-garden-insect-control/green-earth-300g-garden-sulphur-powder_g1494868.html)
$6.29

Gardening by the Moon Calendar from the Farmers' Almanac
The Farmers Almanac Gardening by the Moon Calendar is determined by our age-old formula and applies generally to regions where the climate is favorable.

Because the gardening calendar is based on the phase and position of the Moon, it is consistent across all growing zones.
Recommended dates are still "weather permitting",
Planting Dates & MoonPhase

Growing Tobacco for personal use up to 15 kg. is legal in Canada.
PART 3 Tobacco - Regulation of Tobacco; Exception — manufacturing for personal use
(3) An individual who is not a tobacco licensee may manufacture manufactured tobacco or cigars.
(a) from packaged raw leaf tobacco or manufactured tobacco on which the duty has been paid, if the tobacco or cigars are for their personal use; or
(b) from raw leaf tobacco grown on land on which the individual resides, if
(i) the tobacco or cigars are for their personal use or that of the members of their family who reside with the individual and who are 18 years of age or older, and
(ii) the quantity of tobacco or cigars manufactured in any year does not exceed 15 kg for the individual and each member of the individual’s family who resides with the individual and who is 18 years of age or older.
2002, c. 22, s. 25; 2007, c. 18, s. 74.
http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/acts/e-14.1/page-4.html

RePost,
How much tobacco will a single plant produce, and how much tobacco do I need to make a carton of cigarettes?
Well, tobacco yield will vary among the different varieties, but generally a tobacco plant will produce about 3-4 ounces of dry, cured tobacco
(we normally get 5-7 ounces from our plants, but we offer optimal conditions for growing).
When figuring your tobacco needs, we would advise you calculate 2 ounces per plant to have a little margin of error.
While a commercial cigarette will normally contain about 0.7 grams of tobacco per cigarette, this is "puffed" tobacco and non-tobacco ingredients added.
A pound of pure tobacco will normally produce about 2 cartons of cigarettes.
As a rule of thumb, figure about 4 plants per carton, this gives you quite a bit of leeway.
You should note that the best tobacco is aged, so the first year you grow, you should try to double your normal tobacco needs for the year, this way you can keep some aging each year.
https://www.seedman.com/TobaccoQA.htm

The Cannabis Act
Parliament - Bill C-45
Possession
8 (1) Unless authorized under this Act, it is Prohibited
(a) for an individual who is 18 years of age or older to possess, in a public place, cannabis of one or more classes of cannabis the total amount of which, as determined in accordance with Schedule 3, is equivalent to more than 30 g of dried cannabis
8 (d) for an individual to possess, in a public place, one or more cannabis plants that are budding or flowering
(e) for an individual to possess more than four cannabis plants that are not budding or flowering
(4) (b) more than four cannabis plants at any one time in their dwelling-house.

To collect taxes, Purpose
7 (e) Reduce the burden on the criminal justice system in relation to cannabis.
C-45, An Act respecting cannabis and to amend the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act, the Criminal Code and other Acts
Short Title - Cannabis Act
(http://www.parl.ca/LegisInfo/BillDetails.aspx?Language=E&billId=8886269)

C-45 - Second Reading in the Senate - 2018-03-22
Status Overview - The Criminal Code and other Acts
2nd Reading in Senate then Committee Stage
(http://www.parl.ca/LegisInfo/BillDetails.aspx?Language=E&billId=8886269&View=0)
Bill C-45 "the Cannabis Act"
The Senate of Canada is currently debating Bill C-45, the Cannabis Act.

Bill C-45 is a piece of government legislation that would legalize access to cannabis in Canada.
The bill would also control and regulate how cannabis is grown, distributed and sold.
Bill C-45 was introduced in the Senate and given first reading on November 28, 2017,
It was passed in the House of Commons on November 27, 2017.

Bill C-45 was adopted at second reading in the Senate on March 22, 2018 and was referred to the Senate Committee on Social Affairs,
Science and Technology

The Senate adopted a motion on February 15, 2018 to allow four Senate committees to study aspects of the bill while second reading debate is underway.
These committees must report back to the Senate by May 1, 2018.
Second Reading 2017-11-30, ..., 2018-03-01 in The Senate !
https://sencanada.ca/en/sencaplus/news/cannabis-act

MANURE;
Let us not forget some good 'ol aged manure and black earth soil, rabbit pellets, crunched up egg shells, sheep manure soil mix for flowering plants, cow manure soil mix for rooted plants and a slight amount of vermiculite.
If Soil needs is too wet and to be aerated, mix peat moss.

Soil PH balance; PH 7.0 is neutral
Acids lowers PH for blueberries and poppy plants or aged lime based soils.
Alkalinity, Oxydizers raises PH for flowering plants.

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